Words in boxes are from the Bible. Read Alford's fascinating brief biography and Phil Johnson's related comments. But in the future it refers to the final completion of our salvation when we are presented perfect before God, and have been made ‘like Him (Christ)’ (Romans 8:29; 1 John 2:2). And the idea of awaking out of sleep is that we should rise early and get on with what has to be done, which includes the spreading of the Gospel. Read Introduction to Romans 11 And do this, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed. If the Christian is not to seek personal vengeance, it does not take away the government’s authority to punish wrongdoers. Sleep—Life is a night; time and its sublunary engrossments are a sleep; death, judgment, salvation, are the approaching dawn before us; it becomes us to be awake out of sleep, and watch the approaches of the morning, of the glorious day at hand. When we believed.âWhen we first became Christians. Sleep; the insensibility and inactvity of sin. Eternity is just at hand, is the solemn consideration that Paul urges on his readers as a motive for devotion and diligence. A final illustration for kairos can be found in Hebrews 11:11. There is nothing, therefore, in the Scriptures, nor in this immediate context, which requires us to suppose that Paul intended to say that the time of the second advent was at hand, when he tells his readers that their salvation was nearer than when they believed. There are three leading interpretations of this clause. When to awake; Now; and to awake out of the sleep of carnal security, sloth, and negligence; out of the sleep of spiritual death, and out of the sleep of spiritual deadness. The declaration then seems to me to be of the most simple kind, â âNearer is salvation now to us than at that time when we began to believe:â so that a reference is made to the time which had preceded as to their faith. Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. body, soul, spirit â in Eternity. Some believe this verse refers to physical death instead of the Lord's final return. The unbelieving do indeed labor under these two evils, they are blind and they are insensible; but this insensibility he shortly after designated by sleep, which is, as one says, an image of death. You might try to cram a lifetime into those last days. We therefore supply ‘you’ in our explanation of the preceding part of the verse, the whole being hortatory in its tone. "And this"-"This do" (Con) "Be obedient to the government, reach out in love for your neighbor..this do, or, and bearing this in mind" (McGuiggan p. 389) "And let us do this, viz., live in no debt but that of love." Compare 1 John 3:1-3; 1 Corinthians 15:51-52; 1 Thessalonians 4:15-18; Romans 8:23. : And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to awake out of sleep: for now is salvation nearer to us than when we (first) believed. "To âsleep' indicates unconcern. The obvious meaning of these words Isaiah, "Time has passed since your conversion. But as the days of Noe were, so shall the coming of the Son of man be," Matthew 24:36, Matthew 24:37. Jesus warned (Matt. In the past we entered into salvation when we were accounted as righteous by faith, when we became reconciled to God through Christ (Ephesians 2:8-9). I think because I have been reading David Platt’s Radical the passage grabbed my attention. Wake up starting each day. Now it is high time to awake out of sleep; Now is our salvation nearer than when we believed; "This" refers to the duties urged earlier, not only in this chapter but in chapter12also. BIBLE STUDY COMMENTARY ON ROMANS - CHAPTER - 13 PREVIOUS CHAPTER - NEXT CHAPTER - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE > ROMANS 13:1-14 CHRISTIANS having become the subjects of a kingdom which is not of this world, might be led to suppose that they were released from the ties of obedience to human authorities, especially such as were not Christians. It contemplates a sleeper who is urged to awake because it is almost daybreak. (409) He mentions awake, by which he intimates that we are to be equipped and prepared to undertake the services which the Lord requires from us. In Romans 13:8-14, Paul proposes a radically different response to a similar type of deadline—one every Christian must face. Given the context in this and the preceding chapter, sleep (hupnos) suggests a figurative meaning of "worldliness" (CBL, GED, ). For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. ‘And this --.’ Many would add ‘do’, i.e. for now. Of the renderings we give, the former is favored by the order of words in the original. Every hour brings the expected end nearer. Alford was a Calvinist, conservative and premillennial, though not dispensational. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. For you to wake up. Therefore, the foolishness of Christians becoming slack and careless in their service to God. Imagine how you would feel if you were told that you had only a few months to live. As, however, the words are metaphorical, it may be useful to consider their meaning: Ignorance of God is what he calls night; for all who are thus ignorant go astray and sleep as people do in the night. The word “for” shows why it is necessary to awake out of sleep. Every soul: This c… The doctrine in these verses Romans 13:11-14, therefore, is, "that a deep conviction of the nearness of eternity will prompt to an upright life in the contact of man with man. « Romans 13:11. Contributed by Tony Abram on Mar 25, 2020 | 1,812 views. The imagery seems to be taken originally from our Lord’s discourse concerning his coming: see Matthew 24:42; Mark 13:33, and Luke 21:28-38, where several points of similarity to our Romans 13:11-14 occur’ (Alford). The apostle affirms it of both. That is more readily acknowledged to be from God than these. Life is a special period or occasion, but there is another period ("season," Galatians 6:9) when we are rewarded. So in. The Christians at Rome had received many instructions as well as several reasons for being obedient. Romans 14:10; Philippians 3:20; 1 Thessalonians 5:6; 1 Corinthians 15:34). Therefore, the return of the Lord is closer than what it once was." The consideration by which this exhortation is enforced, is, that the night is far spent, and that the day is at hand, the time of deliverance is fast approaching. Romans 13:11-14. Pastor John Miller continues our study through the Book of Romans with an expository message through Romans 13:11-14 titled, “Understanding The Times”. Hence the Son of man was to come for the destruction of Jerusalem, before the people of that generation all perished; and the summons of death is sometimes represented as the coming of Christ to judge the soul. They have been literally true in their application to Christians for centuries. Romans 13:11-14 exhorts us to live in the present in light of the future return of Jesus Christ. A. I believe that God wants us to know the times in which we live. Considering the time; a busy time; a perilous time. he was assured that his own death was at hand, he held the righteous Judge as conceptually close upon death. He has no need to feel great anxiety, excepting the eagerness of expectation, ), knowing that it is high time for you to awake out of sleep, that it is the hour for you to be already roused out of sleep, The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore put off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. by Grant | Mar 21, 2014 | Romans | 0 comments. We are not to understand the expressions, day of the Lord, the appearing of Christ, the coming of the Son of man, in all cases in the same way. Though they knew not when it was to be, they knew that it was not to happen immediately, nor until a great apostasy had occurred. ‘First believed’ is a correct paraphrase, indicating the single act of faith with which the Christian life began. “And knowing this time that it is already the hour when we should wake out of sleep: for our salvation is nearer than when we believed. Meyer joins ‘already’ with the infinitive clause, which seems unnecessary. The Scripture sees salvation as past, present and future. Read Romans 13:11 commentary using Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Chronos is the kind of time an employee might count (the passing minutes or hours till he can go home, the days, weeks, or months that must pass before vacation time or even retirement). Some will have the sense to be, that our salvation is now nearer, when the gospel is preached, and Christ offers us his graces, than when we believed the Messias was to come. James Rosscup writes that "This was the great work in the life of the versatile Dean of Canterbury. â Ed. Indeed in no other sense can what is said here of night and day be appropriate. Kairos has been called "God time" because it occurs in places where key events, crucial times, special times, and decisive times are described. Then this declaration could not have been suitable to the Romans. The necessity of subjection, Romans 13:5. ; compare Hebrews 11:12; 1 Corinthians 6:6; Ephesians 2:8. This passage is in various ways perverted by interpreters. Romans 13:11. But the particles at the beginning, And this, are to be read by themselves, for they are connected with what is gone before; as we say in Latin Adhoec â besides, or proeterea â moreover. Imagine a child who is waiting for his birthday. “Love your fellow-man as yourself.” You know what hour it is. Saved here is used in the sense of our being set completely free â body, soul, spirit â in Eternity. 4. 3. At this point the interest in "clock time" diminishes and the focus is on the "special occasion." Paul immediately explains himself by adding, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; it was the proper time to arouse themselves from their slumbers, and, shaking off all slothfulness, to address themselves earnestly to work. (), As every day passes by, we are that much closer to eternal life. 11 And do this, Nearer than when we (first) believed. Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves. Matthew tells us the conversation between Jesus and the Pharisees and the Sadducees. You must do this. Greek. 1. Thus with the Day dawning it is a time for stirring ourselves, and awaking out of sleep. A fuller explanation of chronos can be found in the commentary on Acts 1:7, but a brief illustration is given here. When we will be saved. 11.And that—The apostle, with a startling abruptness, as if from a sudden impulse, turns from the law to the great and closing execution of the law at the judgment seat of Christ. This assumption is founded on such passages as the following: Philippians 4:5, "The Lord is at hand;" 1 Thessalonians 4:17, "We that are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them to meet the Lord in the air;" 1 Corinthians 15:51, "We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed," etc. The grace of the gospel teaches us submission and quiet, where pride and the carnal mind only see causes for murmuring and discontent... View the entire commentary. Romans 8:19; Romans 8:23, âthe manifestation of the sons of God,â âthe redemption of the body;â Luke 21:28, âyour redemption draweth nigh.â). That neither the early Christians nor the apostles knew when the second advent of Christ was to take place. The latter objection is not of much weight, since the word ‘salvation’ often has a future reference, and in the Apostle’s mind the blessedness of the future was intimately associated with the coming of the Lord. Romans 13:8–14 describes the Christian obligation to love our neighbors as we love ourselves. The armor of light represents good, and temperate, and holy actions, such as are suitable to the day; and armor is mentioned rather than works, because we are to carry on a warfare for the Lord. Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. Compare, The apostle, with a startling abruptness, as if from a sudden impulse, turns from the law to the great and closing execution of the law at the judgment seat of Christ. The whole passage is a word picture. ÏÎ¯Î±, Moreover from that whole discussion, this exhortation is deduced, which is the shorter, in proportion as that was the longer, He, who has once begun well, from time to time approaches either nearer to salvation, or salvation, as it is said here, comes nearer to him. 1 Peter 1:9). Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed," etc., 2 Thessalonians 2:1-3; and 2 Thessalonians 2:5, "Remember ye not, that when I was yet with you, I told you these things?" Romans 13:11-12 King James Version (KJV). The necessity of immediate conversion to God proved from the shortness and uncertainty of time, Romans 13:11, Romans 13:12. The passing of time shouldn"t discourage the Christian, in fact, the faster that time seems to past, the more encouraged the Christian should get, "I am just that much closer to an final relationship with God.". Let every soul be subject to the supreme powers— An admonition peculiarly needful for the Jews. Undoubtedly we must accept such an application and press it as a motive, but the other view seems to be the correct one. The demonstrative pronoun, however, is frequently used to mark the importance of the connection between two circumstances for the case in hand, (Passow, Vol. 11.Moreover, etc. Awake out of sleep.âA striking metaphor. So in this case, âWe must discharge our various duties, and that knowing,' etc., i.e., âthe rather, because we know,' etc. When describing "time" (KJV) or "season" (ASV), Paul used one of two very important New Testament words. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Romans. "But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, nor the angels of heaven, but my Father only. (F.F. 11 And do this, understanding the present time: The hour has already come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed. They are all from God, who con… Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians, Living By Faith: Commentary on Romans & 1st Corinthians. Ð¿Ð¾ÑÑÐ½ÐµÐ½Ð¸Ðµ Ðº 8:23). This presupposes that the early Jesus believers were continuing to meet with Judean non-believers within the synagogues. While this explanation is certainly true, the text says "salvation," not death. This may be seen as referring back to what has just been said concerning love for one’s neighbour as a life to be lived out daily, but more probably it has in mind the content of the whole passage Romans 12:1 to Romans 13:10 with its emphasis on committing oneself to God as a living sacrifice, and being totally transformed, living a life of love. When we believed—We are midway between our first earthly salvation and our final heavenly one. See notes on Matthew 24:29-31; Romans 11:25-26. He speaks of it as if conceptually and practically standing in close connexion with the close of human earthly existence, whether individual or general. He reminds the Christia… Also in this book is the example in8:18 (we must suffer for this present "time"). This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. Romans Commentary Recommended. Knowing the season; since ye know the season. Now is our salvation nearer than when we believed; our final salvation with Christ, towards which believers are every day drawing nearer. 2. Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Romans 13:11 ← Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources "HIGH TIME TO WAKE UP" I. Knowing the time - Taking a proper "estimate" of the time. —Each passing moment draws us nearer to the gates of blessedness. A second interpretation very generally received of late is, that the reference is to the second advent of Christ. Among multiple sources from biblical and theological scholars, perhaps Sessions should have consulted Karl Barth who offers this warning before presenting his commentary on Romans 13: “Those who do not understand the book as a whole will understand least of all what we now have to say.” Barth finds Romans 13 to be a troubling passage that threatens to deny God’s revelation. We prefer this rendering as more exact. So also God or Christ is said to come to any person or place, when he makes any remarkable exhibition of his power or grace. And this is in the light of the fact that our salvation ( the final redemption of our bodies and enjoyment of the life to come) is nearer now than it was at that time when we began to believe. The word salvation is more closely associated with the Lord's final return than physical death. And that; and do that which I have been urging. According to this explanation, these Christians were getting closer and closer to the time of death. For you. hora. It is now time to get out the cake and presents, not "watch the clock and calendar.". Another example of kairos is Romans 5:6 (Jesus died at the right time or "season"). Romans 13:11-14: Our Responsibilities Under Grace - Part 12 by Dr. Wayne A. Barber. Bruce p. 240), "already it is time for you to awake out of sleep"-"it is time to wake up to reality" (Phi); "it is time for you at once to awake" (Gr. Subject to the governing authorities: The connection between Romans 12 and Romans 13is clear. 2., p. 319,)â¹71âº and is, therefore, often equivalent to the phrases, and indeed, the more, etc. The Apostle Paul seems to be doing something in chapter 13 that he has done earlier in the book of Romans. "Now we beseech you, brethren, by (or concerning) the coming of the Lord Jesus, and our gathering together to him, that ye be not soon shaken in mind â¦ as that the day of Christ is at hand. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. Here are some examples: Matthew 8:29 (demons recognize a "special time" for their existence); Matthew 12:1 (under the Old Testament the Sabbath day was a "special time"-see too Jesus' words in verse8, another indication of why this occasion was so important); Matthew 13:30 (harvest time is a "special time"); Matthew 21:34 (there is a "season" for fruit); Mark 1:15 (the "time" had come for the kingdom of God); Luke 8:13 (temptation is a "special time" because it can destroy our relationship with God); Acts 7:20 (when referring to the "time" of Moses' birth, those in the first century were not thinking of the actual day and hour he was born. That the present state of believers, their condition in this world, is meant here by ânight,â and their state of future glory is meant by âday,â appears evident from the words which follow, âfor nearer now is our salvation than when we believed.â Salvation here, as in Romans 8:24, and in 1 Peter 1:9, means salvation made complete and perfect, the full employment of all its blessings. The night of heathen ignorance as to Christians had already passed, and the day of gospel light was not approaching, but had appeared. Besides this distinct assertion, that the second advent of Christ was not to occur before the revelation of the man of sin, there are several other predictions in the writings of Paul, which necessarily imply his knowledge of the fact, that the day of judgment was not immediately at hand, 1 Timothy 4:1-3; Romans 11:25. (Alford p. 956), "knowing the season"-"you know the crisis that we are in" (Mon); "realizing the situation" (Wey); "make no mistake about the age we live in" (Knox) "The critical period, not time in general" (Robertson p. 409), Some think that this refers to the "second coming". The night is this period of time that we are living in—in the darkness of Satan's rule over the earth, under the governance of men, deceived by all the false religions, and so forth. Paul’s aim is to relate this to the vital time in which they and we are living, the period prior to the second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ and the consummation of all things (compare Hebrews 9:28). "They (the apostles) asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time restore the kingdom to Israel? 11. (McGuiggan p. 389), Paul exhorted Christians in other places to be alert. 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